About 30 years ago, the world learned of the existence of AIDS and the virus that causes this syndrome, – human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The first cases were detected in several homosexuals who visited the country of the African continent. Since then, the number of patients has increased a thousand times. Problem has paid much attention to the study have been providing millions of dollars were set up scientific and clinical centers around the world, international organizations and foundations, started a real buzz in the media about the disease found almost every inhabitant of the Earth. Even threatening infections such as malaria and tuberculosis gone by the wayside. Is it really dangerous HIV infection as it is presented to us TV and doctors? What are the real chances of contracting this infection?
In the Russian Federation so far registered about half a million people living with HIV. According to the Federal Research and Methodological Center for Prevention and Control of AIDS patients should actually be somewhere twice, that is, about one million people. Previously, this group included mostly intravenous drug users, now a significant portion of all patients are people of unconventional sexual behavior or, more simply, people loose. The highest density of cases falls on the cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as the regions of the Volga region, the Urals (mainly South) and Siberia (Irkutsk Region).